Australia’s Remarkable Reptiles

Ancient Survivors of the Southern Land

Australia is home to an astonishing diversity of reptiles, with over 860 native species from turtle and snakes to lizards and crocodiles. These iconic animals have adapted to persist across the continent’s vast array of habitats.

Unique Ancient Lineages

Three of the four main reptile orders occur naturally in Australia – Testudines (turtles), Squamata (lizards and snakes), and Crocodilia. The tuatara order Sphenodontia is found only in New Zealand. Many Australian reptile families have ancient origins tracing back to when Australia was part of the supercontinent Gondwana.

Inland Taipan in strike pose

The Inland Taipan: Australia’s Most Venomous Snake

Understanding the Inland Taipan’s Venom A Biological Weapon The inland taipan (Oxyuranus microlepidotus), also known …

Serpentine Wonders - Snake art

Why Snakes Are Cool

Snakes: Misunderstood Marvels of the Natural World Snakes have long been the subject of fear, …

Perentie biggest lizard in Australia

The Perentie: Australia’s Largest Lizard

Perentie A Titan Among Australia’s Lizards In the vast, arid landscapes of Australia, a reptilian …

Brown Snake Death

Man Dies After Being Bitten by Eastern Brown Snake

Townsville Man Dies After Being Bitten by Eastern Brown Snake at Childcare Centre Jerromy Brookes, …

Large Australian male saltwater crocodile

The Legend of Sweetheart

Australia’s Infamous Crocodile In the sparsely populated Northern Territory of Australia, saltwater crocodiles reign supreme …

Shingleback lizard

Monogamous Shingleback Lizard

A Beauty of the Desert Whose Relationships Outlast most human efforts The Shingleback lizard, also …

Barking Gecko on the sand

The Call of the Barking gecko

The Barking Gecko: A Symbol of the Beauty and Diversity of Australia’s Deserts The Barking …

Black-headed Python

The Majestic Black-headed Python: Australia’s Largest Python

Discover the Beauty and Grace of this black headed snake The Black-headed python, also known …

Spotted Python

Fascinating World of the Spotted Python

Explore the Intriguing World of Antaresia maculosa: The Spotted Python The Spotted python, also known …

costal taipan

Venomous and Elusive Coastal Taipan

The Coastal Taipan: Australia’s Most Agressive Snake The coastal taipan (Oxyuranus scutellatus) is a species …

Lace monitor

Striking and Elusive Lace Monitor

The Lace Monitor: Australia’s Impressive Tree-Dwelling Lizard The lace monitor (Varanus varius), also known as …

Woma Python

Discover the Fascinating World of the Woma Python

Get to Know the Woma Python: Australia’s Native Snake The woma python is also known …

Eastern Bearded Dragon

The Eastern Bearded Dragon: Australia’s Fascinating Agamid Lizard

From its Spiky Beard to its Prehensile Tail The Eastern Bearded Dragon Delights in Every …


Goannas: A Closer Look at These Fascinating and Adaptable Reptiles

Discover the Fascinating World of Goannas: Australia’s Mysterious Monitor Lizards Goannas, also known as monitor …

Frilled-neck Lizard

The Frilled-neck Lizard: A Beautiful and Intimidating Reptile

Get to Know the Frilled-neck Lizard: An Omnivorous Reptile with a Striking Frill The Frilled-neck …

Eastern Water Dragon

Explore the Aquatic Habitat of the Eastern Water Dragon

Discover the Social Behavior of the Eastern Water Dragon The Eastern Water Dragon (Intellagama lesueurii) …

Eastern Brown Snake

Get to Know the Feared Eastern Brown Snake

Discover the Unique Characteristics and Habitat of the Eastern Brown Snake The Eastern Brown Snake, …

Saltwater Crocodile on river bank

Meet the Mighty Australian Saltwater Crocodile The Largest Living Reptile on Earth

The Deadly APEX Hunters of Australia’s North With their massive size and formidable jaws, saltwater …

Blue-Tongued Skink with blue tongue on display

Discover the World of Blue-Tongued Skinks

Get to Know the Blue-Tongued Skink: The Fascinating Australian Reptile Welcome to the fascinating world …

defensive Australian Tiger Snake

The Fascinating (and Deadly) World of the Australian Tiger Snake

The Elusive Australian Tiger Snake: A Closer Look at this Dangerous Predator The Australian tiger …

Turtles in Rivers and Oceans

Australia has both land and marine turtles. Pig-nosed turtles inhabit northern rivers, while sea turtles like greens and leatherbacks swim surrounding oceans. All turtle species are under threat from habitat loss, predation, and human exploitation.

Lizards Galore

The lizards of the Squamata order represent Australia’s most diverse reptile group. Skinks, dragons, monitors, geckos and legless lizards thrive in habitats from deserts to tropical forests. The iconic thorny devil and huge perentie monitor lizard occur only in Australia.

Serpents of the Land and Sea

From tiny blind snakes to massive pythons, Australia is home to an array of snakes. Some like the coastal taipan are amongst the most venomous in the world. Sea snakes and sea kraits inhabit tropical waters, while the invasive brown tree snake has caused extinctions in Guam.

The Saltwater Crocodile

The saltwater or estuarine crocodile is the largest living reptile species on earth, growing over 7 meters long. These apex predators are very dangerous to humans and have a range across northern Australia.

Threats and Conservation

Many Australian reptiles suffer from threats like habitat destruction, invasive species, illegal wildlife trade, and climate change impacts. Several species already gone extinct. Careful management of fragile ecosystems can help secure their future.

Australia’s reptiles showcase an unrivaled diversity shaped by the continent’s long isolation. Protecting these survivors from past eras ensures their integral roles in Australia’s natural heritage continue.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are some common Australian reptiles?

Some widespread Australian reptiles are various species of pythons, venomous snakes like brown snakes and taipans, blue-tongued lizards, frilled-neck lizards, crocodiles, and freshwater/sea turtles.

What are some unique Australian reptiles?

Some unusual endemic Australian reptiles are the thorny devil, pygopodid legless lizards, the tree-climbing white-lipped snake, and the world’s largest venomous snake, the inland taipan.

What threats do reptiles face in Australia?

Habitat destruction, climate change, invasive predators like foxes and cats, overhunting of species like crocodiles, and diseases are major threats to Australian reptiles.

How can I help protect reptiles?

You can help by supporting reptile conservation groups, disposing chemicals properly, reducing plastic use, and respecting protected areas and regulations when traveling. Reporting illegal trade is important.

Where can I see Australian reptiles?

Reptiles can often be seen in national parks and protected wilderness areas across Australia. Many zoos have reptile exhibits. Responsible wildlife parks, sanctuaries and dedicated reptile centers also offer opportunities to observe Australia’s diverse herpetofauna.

Why are reptiles important for Australia?

Reptiles fill vital ecological roles in Australia as pollinators and seed dispersers, and as both predator and prey. They have high endemic diversity and cultural significance. Protecting reptiles helps maintain ecosystem balance.

How do I identify Australian reptiles?

Field guides, websites, and parks staff can help identify different Australian reptiles based on key attributes like scale patterns, body shape, color, behavior, habitat, and geographic location.