The Surprising World of Emus


Emus: An In-Depth Look at These Iconic Australian Birds

The emu is a majestic and iconic bird that is native to Australia. With its long, strong legs and distinctive appearance, it is a creature that is truly unique.

The emu is the second-largest bird in the world by height, after the ostrich. It is characterized by its long, thin neck, short beak, and shaggy, dark brown feathers.

The word “emu” is derived from the word “emew” in the language of the Dharug people, an Indigenous group from the Sydney region in Australia. The name “emu” was later adopted by European settlers in Australia and is now used internationally to refer to this species of bird. The scientific name for the emu is Dromaius novaehollandiae, which was coined by the English ornithologist George Shaw in 1790.

1887 illustration of an emu being chased by two thylacines
1887 illustration of an emu being chased by two thylacines


Emus are found throughout much of Australia, including forests, grasslands, and deserts. They are adaptable birds and can survive in a variety of environments as long as there is a reliable source of food and water.


When it comes to diet, emus are omnivorous and will feed on a wide range of plants and animals, including fruits, seeds, insects, and small mammals. They are known for their powerful legs, which they use to run at high speeds and chase down their prey.


Emus are known for their complex mating and reproductive habits. During the breeding season, male emus will perform elaborate courtship displays in order to attract a mate. Once a female has chosen a mate, the pair will work together to build a nest and lay their eggs. The female will lay a clutch of between 5 and 15 eggs, which the male will incubate for around eight weeks.


Emus emit a kind of grunting sound that is anything but musical – unless you’re another emu. Emus are generally solitary birds and are only social when it comes to mating and raising their young. They are known for their ability to run at high speeds at almost 50 kilometres an hour and can cover long distances in a short amount of time making it one fast Aussie bird! Emus are also good swimmers and are able to cross rivers and other bodies of water if necessary.

Conservation Status

Despite their impressive size and strength, emus are vulnerable to a number of threats, including habitat loss, hunting, and disease. In some parts of Australia, emus are at risk of being hit by vehicles as they cross roads in search of food. To help protect these amazing birds, conservation efforts are being undertaken throughout the country, including habitat restoration, breeding programs, and education campaigns.

So the next time you come across an emu in the wild, take a moment to appreciate this amazing bird and all that it has to offer. The emu is a truly remarkable creature, and one that we should all work to protect.