Silverfish and springtails

The seventh Linnaean order of insects, Aptera, or insects without wings, was an artificial classification that included Crustacea, spiders, centipedes, fleas, lice and even worms. These animals are currently classified into various separate groups and orders.

With only six segments in the abdomen and no wings at any stage of development, these small animals are energetic little beings that can be found in a variety of environments. There are many native species, but due to their small size and reticent nature, they have received little attention. A vast field awaits an entomologist in the future who will research these fascinating insects.

Before the Ray Society’s 1873 publication of Lubbock’s “Monograph of the Collembola and Thysanura,” very little systematic research had been done on these insects. This work includes descriptions of a huge number of observations of their habits and biographies.