Get to Know the Feared Eastern Brown Snake

Eastern Brown Snake

Discover the Unique Characteristics and Habitat of the Eastern Brown Snake

The Eastern Brown Snake, also known as the Common Brown Snake, is a venomous snake native to Australia. With a scientific name of Pseudonaja textilis, this species is named for its brown coloration and the textured scales on its body.

The common name “Eastern Brown Snake” refers to the animal’s geographic range and the color of its skin, which is typically a brown color. The scientific name for this species is Pseudonaja textilis, which is derived from the Greek words “pseudes” meaning “false” and “onaja” meaning “cobra,” in reference to the snake’s similarity to the cobra. The species name “textilis” means “woven,” in reference to the textured scales on the snake’s body. The Eastern Brown Snake was first described by the English naturalist George Shaw in 1790. The common name “Eastern Brown Snake” is widely used in Australia and internationally to refer to this species.

In terms of physical characteristics, the Eastern Brown Snake is a relatively slender snake with a smooth, shiny appearance. It ranges in size from 1.5 to 2.5 meters in length, with males being generally larger than females. The snake’s coloration can vary from shades of brown to almost black, with a pale or yellowish underside.


The Eastern Brown Snake can be found in a variety of habitats, including forests, grasslands, and agricultural areas. It is widely distributed across eastern and southeastern Australia, as well as parts of New South Wales and Victoria.


The diet of the Eastern Brown Snake primarily consists of small mammals, such as rodents, as well as birds and reptiles. It is an active hunter, using its venom to subdue its prey before consuming it.


When it comes to reproduction, Eastern Brown Snakes reach sexual maturity at around three years of age. Mating typically occurs during the spring and summer months, with males competing for the attention of females. The female snake will lay a clutch of eggs, which hatch after a period of around two months.


The Eastern Brown Snake is known for its defensive posture, raising its head and upper body off the ground when threatened. It is also a highly venomous snake, with its venom capable of causing serious injury or death to humans. However, despite its reputation, the Eastern Brown Snake is typically non-aggressive and will only attack if provoked or threatened.

fastest striking snake

The fastest striking snake in Australia is the eastern brown snake their lightning-fast strikes, which allow them to catch and kill their prey with ease makes them formidable ambush predators, lying in wait for their prey to come within striking range before launching their attack. Their strikes are so fast that they are almost impossible to see with the naked eye, and they can strike several times in quick succession.

In addition to their speed, brown snakes are also highly agile and can quickly change direction to follow their prey. They are skilled at using their body and tail to anchor themselves in place while they strike, making them highly efficient hunters.

Eastern Brown Snake Bite

The Eastern Brown Snake is a venomous snake native to Australia and is considered one of the most venomous snakes in the world. It is capable of causing serious injury or death to humans with its venom, which is toxic and can cause severe symptoms such as vomiting, abdominal pain, difficulty breathing, and abnormal blood clotting.

According to the Australian Venom Research Unit, the Eastern Brown Snake is responsible for the majority of snake bite deaths in Australia, with an average of two deaths per year. However, it’s important to note that the number of snake bite deaths in Australia has decreased significantly in recent years due to improvements in medical treatment and the availability of antivenom.

It’s worth noting that the Eastern Brown Snake is typically non-aggressive and will only attack if provoked or threatened. Therefore, it’s important to be cautious and avoid handling or disturbing snakes, especially if you are in an area where they are known to be present. If you do encounter a snake, it’s important to stay calm and move away from the animal slowly and calmly, giving it plenty of space to move away from you. If you or someone you are with is bitten by a snake, seek immediate medical attention.

The Eastern Brown Snake is classified as least concern on the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List, due to its wide distribution and stable population. However, like many species, it does face threats such as habitat loss and human-wildlife conflict. Conservation efforts to protect and conserve this species include habitat restoration, education campaigns, and research to better understand their behavior and population dynamics.

As one of Australia’s most iconic and feared snakes, the Eastern Brown Snake is a truly fascinating and deserving of our attention and respect. With its sleek, shiny appearance and venomous bite, the Eastern Brown Snake is a powerful and adaptable predator.